Hi moms, today we’ll talk about Phonics Child. Helping small children develop phonemic awareness in early stages is one of many keys for kids to develop exceptional reading and writing skills when they begin attending schools. Did you know that studies have indicated that phonemic awareness may be the single best predictor of reading success for small children after they begin school? In fact, studies are finding that phonemic awareness is much better than IQ at predicting the reading and spelling abilities of young children.
Most people know about phonics, and what it is; however, far fewer people know what phonemic awareness is. In short, phonemic awareness is the ability to hear, identify, and use the phonemes. As an example, /d/, /o/, and /g/, are the person sounds of the term “dog “.Please note, the letters enclosed in the slashes denotes the sound of the letter, and not the name of the letter. Phonemes are the tiniest units of individual sounds that form a word.
Phonemic awareness is not a thing you’re born with, and it is definitely an ability that’s gained through repeated experience of listening, speaking, and reading. As parents, there are lots of different strategies you can use to simply help your kids develop phonemic awareness such as for instance playing simple word segmentation or oral blending games.
Like the majority of parents, we (my wife and I) read bedtime stories before we put our children to sleep, and one of the greatest strategies that we like to make use of to instruct phonemic awareness to your children, is to mix in word segmenting and oral blending when we read bedtime stories for the kids. This is a great method, because it doesn’t take any extra time or effort, since reading bedtime stories is something you already do. So, here’s just how to start it.
Let’s say that you’re reading a nursery rhyme “Jack and Jill”:
Jack and Jill went up the hill
To fetch an ocean of water.
Jack fell down and broke his crown
And Jill came tumbling after.
Instead of reading each word straight through the rhyme, you are able to randomly mix in oral blending on various words in the rhyme. Take note: instead of using slashes “/” to denote phonemes, we’ll simply use hyphens to create it easier to read. So, let’s assume your child is extremely young, perhaps 2, 3, or 4 years of age, and you intend to start helping them develop some phonemic awareness. You can read Jack and Jill like so:
J-ack and J-ill went up the h-ill
To fetch a p-ail of water.
J-ack fell down and broke his crown
And J-ill came tumbling after.
As you can see, when you see the rhyme, you only make an endeavor to split up several of the very first letters sounds from the language, such as /J/ from “ack”, and /J/ from “ill “.As your child begins to grasp the idea of individual sounds creating words, you can slowly increase the problem by deteriorating each word further. For instance:
Repeated exposure of this type of word segmenting and oral blending will slowly help your son or daughter develop a sense and an understanding that each and every word is comprised of individual sounds – put simply, you’re teaching phonemic awareness to your young ones during bedtime stories without them even knowing that they are being taught to! Thank you for reading this article about Phonics Child and see you next time.
1. Cognition. 1991 Sep;40(3):219-49.
The relationship of phonemic awareness to reading acquisition: more consequence than precondition but still important.
Wimmer H, Landerl K, Linortner R, Hummer P.
University of Salzburg, Austria.