Hello moms, today we’ll talk about Month By Month Phonics For First Grade. Phonemic Awareness is defined as the capacity to identify, hear, and work with the tiniest units of sound called phonemes. It’s NOT exactly like phonological awareness, instead, it is a sub-category of phonological awareness. As an example, phonemic awareness is narrow, and deals only with phonemes and manipulating the in-patient sounds of words – such as for instance /c/, /a/, and /t/ are the person sounds that produce around form the phrase “cat “.Phonological awareness on the other hand, includes the phonemic awareness ability, and it also includes the capability to hear, identify, and manipulate larger units of sound such as for instance rimes and onsets.
Phonemic awareness can be taught very early on, and will play a critical role in helping children learn to see and spell. While it’s not emerge stone on when a child can learn to see, however, I do believe that the child that can speak is a child that can learn how to read. Children as young as 2 yrs old can learn to learn by developing phonemic awareness, and they are able to learn to read fluently. Please see a movie of a 2 year old (2yr11months) reading below.
Guidelines several of the very common phonemic awareness skills which can be often practiced with students and small children:
- Phonemic identity – being able to recognize common sounds in different words such as for example /p/ is the common sound for “pat”, “pick”, and “play “.
- Phonemic isolation – to be able to recognize the in-patient sounds of words such as for example /c/ is first sound of “cat” and /t/ is the ending sound of “cat “.
- Phoneme substitution – being able to change one word to another by substituting one phoneme. For example changing the /t/ in “cat” to /p/ now makes “cap “.
- Word Segmenting – the parent says the phrase “lap”, and the little one says the person sounds: /l/, /a/, and /p/.
- Oral blending – the parent says the person sounds such as for example /r/, /e/, and /d/, and the child forms the phrase from the sounds to express “red “.
Studies are finding that phonemic awareness is the better predictor of reading success in young children. Research has additionally unearthed that children with a advanced of phonemic awareness progress with high reading and spelling achievements; however, some children with low phonemic awareness experience difficulties in learning to read and spell. Therefore, it is essential for parents to help their young kids develop good phonemic awareness. 
To be able to oral blend and segment words helps children to read and spell. According to the National Reading Panel, oral blending helps children develop reading skills where printed letters are turned into sounds which combine to form words. Additionally, word segmenting helps children breakdown words within their individual sounds (phonemes), and helps children figure out how to spell unfamiliar words.
As a young child begins to produce and master phonemic awareness skills, they’ll discover an entirely new world in publications and reading. You will open up their world to a whole new dimension of fun and silliness. They will be able to see books that they enjoy, produce a better knowledge of the world around them through printed materials, and have a lot of fun by making up new nonsense words through phonemic substitutions.
For example, we taught our daughter to read at a early age – when she was only a little over 2 and a half years old. Before she turned three, she would run at home saying all forms of silly words using phonemic substitution. Among her favorite was substituting the letter sound /d/ in “daddy” with the letter sound /n/. So, she would run around me in circles and repeatedly say “nanny, nanny, come do this” or “nanny, nanny, come play with me” etc… Obviously, she only did this when she desired to be silly and to produce me laugh, at other times, she’d of course properly refer to me as “daddy”, and not “nanny “.She’s well aware of the differences between these words and is fully capable of using phonemic substitution to improve any of the letters in the words to create other words. Thank you for reading this article about Month By Month Phonics For First Grade and see you next time.
1. Cognition. 1991 Sep;40(3):219-49.
The relationship of phonemic awareness to reading acquisition: more consequence than precondition but still important.
Wimmer H, Landerl K, Linortner R, Hummer P.
University of Salzburg, Austria.