Phonemic Awareness | Phonics Reading Kids

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Children Learning Reading


Hello moms, today we’ll talk about Phonics Reading Kids. Phonemic Awareness is defined as the capability to identify, hear, and work with the littlest units of sound called phonemes. It’s NOT exactly like phonological awareness, instead, it is really a sub-category of phonological awareness. As an example, phonemic awareness is narrow, and deals only with phonemes and manipulating the individual sounds of words – such as for example /c/, /a/, and /t/ are the patient sounds that make as much as form the word “cat “.Phonological awareness on one other hand, includes the phonemic awareness ability, and it also includes the capability to hear, identify, and manipulate larger units of sound such as for instance rimes and onsets.

Phonemic awareness may be taught very in the beginning, and will play a critical role in helping children learn to read and spell. While it’s not occur stone on when a child can learn to read, however, I do believe that the child that can speak is a kid that could figure out how to read. Children as young as 2 yrs old can learn to learn by developing phonemic awareness, and they can learn to learn fluently. Please see a movie of a 2 year old (2yr11months) reading below.

Below are several of the very most common phonemic awareness skills which can be often practiced with students and young kids:

  • Phonemic identity – to be able to recognize common sounds in numerous words such as /p/ is the most popular sound for “pat”, “pick”, and “play “.
  • Phonemic isolation – being able to recognize the person sounds of words such as for instance /c/ is first sound of “cat” and /t/ could be the ending sound of “cat “.
  • Phoneme substitution – to be able to change one word to a different by substituting one phoneme. Like changing the /t/ in “cat” to /p/ now makes “cap “.
  • Word Segmenting – the parent says the word “lap”, and the child says the individual sounds: /l/, /a/, and /p/.
  • Oral blending – the parent says the individual sounds such as for instance /r/, /e/, and /d/, and the little one forms the term from the sounds to express “red “.

Studies have found that phonemic awareness is the best predictor of reading success in young children. Research has also discovered that children with a advanced of phonemic awareness progress with high reading and spelling achievements; however, some children with low phonemic awareness experience difficulties in learning to read and spell. Therefore, it is important for folks to help their young children develop good phonemic awareness. [1]

Being able to oral blend and segment words helps children to learn and spell. Based on the National Reading Panel, oral blending helps children develop reading skills where printed letters are turned into sounds which combine to form words. Additionally, word segmenting helps children breakdown words within their individual sounds (phonemes), and helps children learn how to spell unfamiliar words.

As a young child begins to produce and master phonemic awareness skills, they will discover a completely new world on the net and reading. You’ll open their world to a whole new dimension of fun and silliness. They will have the ability to learn books that they enjoy, create a better knowledge of the entire world around them through printed materials, and have a lot of fun by creating new nonsense words through phonemic substitutions.

For instance, we taught our daughter to see at a young age – when she was a little over 2 and a half years old. Before she turned three, she’d run around the house saying all kinds of silly words using phonemic substitution. One of her favorite was substituting the letter sound /d/ in “daddy” with the letter sound /n/. So, she’d run around me in circles and repeatedly say “nanny, nanny, come do this” or “nanny, nanny, come play with me” etc… Obviously, she only did this when she wished to be silly and to make me laugh, at other times, she’d of course properly refer if you ask me as “daddy”, and not “nanny “.She’s well alert to the differences between these words and is fully capable of using phonemic substitution to change the letters in the words to create other words. Thanks for reading this article about Phonics Reading Kids and see you next time.

Click here to learn how to easily and quickly teach your son or daughter to read.


1. Cognition. 1991 Sep;40(3):219-49.
The relationship of phonemic awareness to reading acquisition: more consequence than precondition but still important.
Wimmer H, Landerl K, Linortner R, Hummer P.
University of Salzburg, Austria.

Tags: #Children Learning Reading

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