Hi moms, today we’ll talk about Preventing Reading Difficulties In Young Children. Did you understand that 38% of grade four students have reading abilities below the cheapest basic level as determined by the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)? The NAEP is the only ongoing survey of what students known and tracks their performance in a variety of academic subjects for the United States. In their report, the NAEP unearthed that 38% of grade four students had reading achievement below basic levels, with a basic level reading score being 208.
To place things in perspective, the US reading scale has an upper limit score of 500, with average reading scores for grade 4 (217), grade 8 (264), and grade 12 (291). The grade 4 reading achievement levels are categorized by the NAEP as Advanced (268 score), Proficient (238 score), and Basic (208 score), and the basic reading achievement level is defined the following by the NAEP:
Fourth-grade students performing at the Basic level should demonstrate an comprehension of the general meaning of what they read. When reading text befitting fourth graders, they will manage to make relatively obvious connections between the text and their very own experiences and extend the ideas in the text by making simple inferences. 
Unfortunately, over a third of all grade four students read at levels even below basic. Is your child having reading difficulties? Research on Phonemic Awareness are finding that early reading helps improves a child’s reading and spelling abilities. In reality, the National Reading Panel has concluded based on the massive overview of over 1,900 studies that teaching phonics and phonemic awareness produces better reading results than whole language programs.
There are many documented benefits and features of teaching children to read in the beginning, and teaching them to reading using phonics and phonemic awareness instructions. It’s clear that early language and reading ability development passes great benefits to the kid as they progress through school at all grades, and that early language and reading problems can cause learning problems down the road in school. As an example, a Swedish study discovered that children with a history of reading problems at school entry scores significantly substandard on reading in grade 4. As well, children that shows really low curiosity about books and story reading before age 5 also scored similarly low on sentence reading in grade 4.  This is just one of many studies which may have similar findings, and this helps it be an imperative for folks to start exposing their children to books and reading at an earlier age.
So just how early?
There’s no set guideline on once you should start teaching your kids to see; however, you can begin cultivating your child’s love for books and reading the moment they’re born. Obviously, very young babies would not even know what books are, however, speaking with your son or daughter and reading to your son or daughter can help them develop a keen liking for books and stories. As your youngster grows and gets older, avoid TV-sitting them, because while they develop a dependency on television as their main source of entertainment, it becomes very hard to dislodge that want for TV entertainment, and get them to enjoy reading books. Instead, keep age appropriate books all throughout the house, and read in their mind often. You will find that they’ll start picking right up books and pretend to learn themselves, although at very early ages, they still cannot read.
People typically believe that kindergarten or grade one would be an appropriate time for his or her children to begin reading; however, this is simply not the very best approach as studies have repeatedly discovered that children with good phonemic awareness before entering kindergarten continues to outperform, and achieve exceptional reading and spelling abilities because they progress through school. On the other hand, children who enter school with reading difficulties may continue to possess reading and spelling difficulties. Thanks for reading this article about Preventing Reading Difficulties In Young Children and see you next time.
1. NAEP 1998 Reading Report Card for the Nation and the States
Authors: Patricia L. Donahue, Kristin E. Voelkl, Jay R. Campbell, and John Mazzeo
2. J Learn Disabil. 1999 Sep-Oct;32(5):464-72.
Early language development and kindergarten phonological awareness as predictors of reading problems: from 3 to 11 years of age.
Olofsson A, Niedersøe J.
Department of Psychology, Umeå University, Sweden.