Teaching Letter Names and Sounds | How To Teach 4 Year Old To Read

Children Learning Reading

By: ChildrenLearningReading.com

Hi moms, today we will talk about How To Teach 4 Year Old To Read. So, you want to teach your child to read, but before a young child can learn to see, he or she must first learn at the very least a number of the letters in the alphabet, their names, and the sounds that they represent. To manage to read, a kid must be able to recognize the letters, know the sound of the letters, and manage to recognize the letters quickly and say the sound without hesitation. There is sufficient of discussion and disagreement on whether it’s better to instruct children using whole language programs or using methods which incorporate phonics and phonemic awareness instructions. I do believe the debate on this really is settled once the National Reading Panel stated from their findings of reviewing over 1,900 studies that phonics and phonemic awareness produces superior reading results than whole language programs.

There is also some debate on whether to instruct your son or daughter only letter names, or only the sounds that the letters represent. However, studies have also settled this debate by discovering that teaching a young child alphabet names and sounds together produces the best results. In fact, studies have found that there surely is little value in teaching preschoolers letter forms or letter sounds separately. This is indicated by an Australian study involving 76 preschool children. The kids received 6 weeks of training in either letter awareness, phonemic awareness, or control tasks, and then received another 6 weeks of training in either letter-sound correspondence or control tasks. The study unearthed that training in either phoneme or letter awareness assisted with learning of letter-sound correspondences, and that the phonemically trained children group had a benefit on recognition tasks. The research found that there’s little value in training in letter form or letter sounds separately. [1]

As you will see, there’s basically no point in mere teaching either the names of the alphabet letters, or the sounds the letters make. A child must learn the name and the sound of the alphabet letter. When teaching your child the alphabet, rather than simply teaching them the name of the alphabet such as for example “here is the letter A”, guide them like so:

“Here is the letter A, and the letter A makes the /A/ sound.” (note: the /A/ denote the sound “A” makes, and not its name). Similarly, you are able to teach your youngster one other alphabet letters this way including both name and sound of the letter. This is the way I teach my children the alphabet letters. Other studies have determined that teaching the letter names and sounds together helped children learn.

58 preschool children were randomly assigned to receive instructions in letter names and sounds, letter sound only, or numbers (control group). The results of this study are in line with past research results in that it found children receiving letter name and sound instruction were most likely to understand the sounds of letters whose names included cues to their sounds. [2]

To manage to effectively teach your young ones the sounds of letters, you need to first master the correct pronunciation of the letters yourself. It is important for you personally as a parent to manage to first say the sounds of the letters correctly before teaching your young ones, and this really is much tougher than it might seem. Thank you for reading this article about How To Teach 4 Year Old To Read and see you next time.

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Notes:

1. J Exp Child Psychol. 2009 Sep;104(1):68-88. Epub 2009 Mar 5.
The genesis of reading ability: what helps children learn letter-sound correspondences?
Castles A, Coltheart M, Wilson K, Valpied J, Wedgwood J.
Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia.

2. J Exp Child Psychol. 2010 Apr;105(4):324-44. Epub 2010 Jan 25.
Learning letter names and sounds: effects of instruction, letter type, and phonological processing skill.
Piasta SB, Wagner RK.
Preschool Language and Literacy Lab, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.

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