Teaching Letter Names and Sounds | How To Teach Your Toddler To Read

Children Learning Reading

By: ChildrenLearningReading.com

Hi moms, today we will talk about How To Teach Your Toddler To Read. So, you intend to teach your child to see, but before a young child can learn to read, he or she must first learn at least a few of the letters in the alphabet, their names, and the sounds that they represent. To be able to read, a young child must manage to recognize the letters, know the sound of the letters, and be able to recognize the letters quickly and say the sound without hesitation. There is plenty of discussion and disagreement on whether it’s better to instruct children using whole language programs or using methods which incorporate phonics and phonemic awareness instructions. I do believe the debate on this is settled when the National Reading Panel stated from their findings of reviewing over 1,900 studies that phonics and phonemic awareness produces superior reading results than whole language programs.

There is also some debate on whether to show your child only letter names, or only the sounds which the letters represent. However, studies have settled this debate by discovering that teaching a kid alphabet names and sounds together produces the very best results. In reality, studies are finding that there’s little value in teaching preschoolers letter forms or letter sounds separately. This is indicated by an Australian study involving 76 preschool children. The children received 6 weeks of training in either letter awareness, phonemic awareness, or control tasks, and then received another 6 weeks of training in either letter-sound correspondence or control tasks. The analysis found that training in either phoneme or letter awareness assisted with learning of letter-sound correspondences, and that the phonemically trained children group had an edge on recognition tasks. The analysis found that there surely is little value in training in letter form or letter sounds separately. [1]

As you will see, there’s basically no point in mere teaching either the names of the alphabet letters, or the sounds the letters make. A kid must learn the name and the sound of the alphabet letter. When teaching your child the alphabet, in place of simply teaching them the name of the alphabet such as for instance “here is the letter A”, guide them like so:

“This is the letter A, and the letter A makes the /A/ sound.” (note: the /A/ denote the sound “A” makes, and not its name). Similarly, you are able to teach your son or daughter another alphabet letters in this manner including both name and sound of the letter. Here is the way I teach my children the alphabet letters. Other studies have determined that teaching the letter names and sounds together helped children learn.

58 preschool children were randomly assigned to receive instructions in letter names and sounds, letter sound only, or numbers (control group). The outcomes of the study are in keeping with past research results in that it found children receiving letter name and sound instruction were almost certainly to understand the sounds of letters whose names included cues with their sounds. [2]

To manage to effectively teach your kids the sounds of letters, you need to first master the proper pronunciation of the letters yourself. It is critical for you as a parent to have the ability to first say the sounds of the letters correctly before teaching your kids, and this is much tougher than it might seem. Thank you for reading this article about How To Teach Your Toddler To Read and see you next time.

>> Click here to learn more about our simple program that can tell you step-by-step just how to effectively teach your youngster to see.

Notes:

1. J Exp Child Psychol. 2009 Sep;104(1):68-88. Epub 2009 Mar 5.
The genesis of reading ability: what helps children learn letter-sound correspondences?
Castles A, Coltheart M, Wilson K, Valpied J, Wedgwood J.
Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia.

2. J Exp Child Psychol. 2010 Apr;105(4):324-44. Epub 2010 Jan 25.
Learning letter names and sounds: effects of instruction, letter type, and phonological processing skill.
Piasta SB, Wagner RK.
Preschool Language and Literacy Lab, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.

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