Teaching Letter Names and Sounds | Teaching Reading Lesson Plans

Children Learning Reading

By: ChildrenLearningReading.com

Hello moms, today we will talk about Teaching Reading Lesson Plans. So, you wish to teach your youngster to learn, but before a child can learn to see, he or she must first learn at least some of the letters in the alphabet, their names, and the sounds which they represent. To be able to read, a young child must have the ability to recognize the letters, know the sound of the letters, and be able to recognize the letters quickly and say the sound without hesitation. There is enough of discussion and disagreement on whether it’s better to show children using whole language programs or using methods which incorporate phonics and phonemic awareness instructions. I do believe the debate on this is settled when the National Reading Panel stated from their findings of reviewing over 1,900 studies that phonics and phonemic awareness produces superior reading results than whole language programs.

There’s also some debate on whether to instruct your youngster only letter names, or only the sounds which the letters represent. However, studies also have settled this debate by finding that teaching a child alphabet names and sounds together produces the most effective results. Actually, studies are finding that there is little value in teaching preschoolers letter forms or letter sounds separately. This is indicated by an Australian study involving 76 preschool children. The kids received 6 weeks of training in either letter awareness, phonemic awareness, or control tasks, and then received another 6 weeks of training in either letter-sound correspondence or control tasks. The research discovered that training in either phoneme or letter awareness assisted with learning of letter-sound correspondences, and that the phonemically trained children group had an advantage on recognition tasks. The research found that there surely is little value in training in letter form or letter sounds separately. [1]

As you can see, there’s basically no point in just teaching either the names of the alphabet letters, or the sounds the letters make. A kid must learn the name and the sound of the alphabet letter. When teaching your youngster the alphabet, rather than simply teaching them the name of the alphabet such as for instance “this is the letter A”, guide them like so:

“Here is the letter A, and the letter A makes the /A/ sound.” (note: the /A/ denote the sound “A” makes, and not its name). Similarly, you are able to teach your youngster one other alphabet letters this way including both name and sound of the letter. This is the way I teach my children the alphabet letters. Other studies also have determined that teaching the letter names and sounds together helped children learn.

58 preschool children were randomly assigned to receive instructions in letter names and sounds, letter sound only, or numbers (control group). The outcomes with this study are in line with past research results in so it found children receiving letter name and sound instruction were most likely to understand the sounds of letters whose names included cues with their sounds. [2]

To be able to effectively teach your children the sounds of letters, you have to first master the appropriate pronunciation of the letters yourself. It is critical for you as a parent to be able to first say the sounds of the letters correctly before teaching your young ones, and this really is much tougher than it may seem. Thanks for reading this article about Teaching Reading Lesson Plans and see you next time.

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Notes:

1. J Exp Child Psychol. 2009 Sep;104(1):68-88. Epub 2009 Mar 5.
The genesis of reading ability: what helps children learn letter-sound correspondences?
Castles A, Coltheart M, Wilson K, Valpied J, Wedgwood J.
Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia.

2. J Exp Child Psychol. 2010 Apr;105(4):324-44. Epub 2010 Jan 25.
Learning letter names and sounds: effects of instruction, letter type, and phonological processing skill.
Piasta SB, Wagner RK.
Preschool Language and Literacy Lab, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.

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