Teaching Letter Names and Sounds | Three Year Old Read

Children Learning Reading

By: ChildrenLearningReading.com

Hi moms, today we will talk about Three Year Old Read. So, you want to teach your youngster to learn, but before a young child can learn to see, he or she must first learn at the very least some of the letters in the alphabet, their names, and the sounds they represent. To have the ability to read, a child must have the ability to recognize the letters, know the sound of the letters, and manage to recognize the letters quickly and say the sound without hesitation. There is plenty of discussion and disagreement on whether it’s better to instruct children using whole language programs or using methods which incorporate phonics and phonemic awareness instructions. I believe the debate on this really is settled once the National Reading Panel stated from their findings of reviewing over 1,900 studies that phonics and phonemic awareness produces superior reading results than whole language programs.

There’s also some debate on whether to instruct your youngster only letter names, or only the sounds which the letters represent. However, studies have also settled this debate by discovering that teaching a kid alphabet names and sounds together produces the best results. In reality, studies have found that there surely is little value in teaching preschoolers letter forms or letter sounds separately. This is indicated by an Australian study involving 76 preschool children. The children received 6 weeks of training in either letter awareness, phonemic awareness, or control tasks, and then received another 6 weeks of training in either letter-sound correspondence or control tasks. The analysis unearthed that training in either phoneme or letter awareness assisted with learning of letter-sound correspondences, and that the phonemically trained children group had an advantage on recognition tasks. The analysis found that there’s little value in training in letter form or letter sounds separately. [1]

As you can see, there’s basically no point in just teaching either the names of the alphabet letters, or the sounds the letters make. A child must learn the name and the sound of the alphabet letter. When teaching your child the alphabet, instead of simply teaching them the name of the alphabet such as “here is the letter A”, guide them like so:

“Here is the letter A, and the letter A makes the /A/ sound.” (note: the /A/ denote the sound “A” makes, and not its name). Similarly, you can teach your youngster one other alphabet letters in this way including both name and sound of the letter. Here is the way I teach my children the alphabet letters. Other studies have determined that teaching the letter names and sounds together helped children learn.

58 preschool children were randomly assigned for instructions in letter names and sounds, letter sound only, or numbers (control group). The outcomes of the study are consistent with past research results in that it found children receiving letter name and sound instruction were almost certainly to master the sounds of letters whose names included cues to their sounds. [2]

To have the ability to effectively teach your kids the sounds of letters, you must first master the correct pronunciation of the letters yourself. It is crucial for you as a parent to be able to first say the sounds of the letters correctly before teaching your kids, and this really is much tougher than it may seem. Thanks for reading this article about Three Year Old Read and see you next time.

>> Click here to find out more about our simple program that will show you step-by-step how to effectively teach your son or daughter to see.

Notes:

1. J Exp Child Psychol. 2009 Sep;104(1):68-88. Epub 2009 Mar 5.
The genesis of reading ability: what helps children learn letter-sound correspondences?
Castles A, Coltheart M, Wilson K, Valpied J, Wedgwood J.
Macquarie Centre for Cognitive Science, Macquarie University, Sydney, NSW 2109, Australia.

2. J Exp Child Psychol. 2010 Apr;105(4):324-44. Epub 2010 Jan 25.
Learning letter names and sounds: effects of instruction, letter type, and phonological processing skill.
Piasta SB, Wagner RK.
Preschool Language and Literacy Lab, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA.

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